9:00 – 9:15 Introductions & Welcome
9:15 – 10:30

Sea-country IPAs: benefits and challenges?

·         What’s happening around Aust? What’s working well, what’s not?

·         Are IPAs the best option?

Djelk Rangers, Anindilyakwa Rangers


11:00 – 11:45

Sea-country management

·         What’s working well here?

·         What’s happening overseas?

Whitney Rassip, Girringun, Mel Dulfer-Hyams, PEW

11:45 – 12:30

20 years of IPAs – an important contributor to conservation and the reserve estate

Jackie Gould, Charles Darwin University & Marcus Sandford, Dept of Prime Minister & Cabinet


12:30 – 1:00

Managing sea-country in marine reserves

·       Indigenous engagement in reserve planning and management

Zoe Cozens, Parks Australia

2:00 – 2:45

Tasmanian management activities and aspirations:

·         Kings Run

·         truwana rangers program

Jarrod Edwards, Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre & Fiona Maher, Truwana Rangers


2:45 – 3:10

Giving voice to the river:  Yarra River Protection (Wilip-gin Birrarung murron) Act 2017

Jordan Smith & Karmen Jobling, Wurundjeri Land Council

3:10 – 3:30

World heritage & coastal management:  Budj Bim Cultural Landscape heritage nomination

Denis Rose, Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation

3:30 – 4:00

General discussion & close


Melbourne’s Marine and Coastal Guarantee

Mr Mark Rodrigue1

1Parks Victoria , Queenscliff , Australia


In 2016 Coast to Coast was held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Victoria. A series of Guiding Principles for Marine and Coastal Management, alternately known as Melbourne’s Marine and Coastal Guarantee (MCG), were been developed following Coast to Coast 2016 as a means of distilling some of the big ideas discussed at the conference, and that reflect best practice in marine and coastal management.

This presentation will present these principles at Coast to Coast 2018 with a view to stimulating broader discussion and potential adoption of them as guideposts for practitioners in the development of comprehensive, inclusive, and sustainable responses to the challenges of managing Australia’s coasts and seas.


Mark Rodrigue is marine and coastal protected area manager with extensive experience in community engagement and education.

High and low tide characterisation of the Australian coastline

Dr Stephen  Sagar1, Dr Leo Lymburner1, Dr Claire Phillips1, Mr Biswajit Bala1, Dr Dale Robert1

1Geoscience Australia, Symonston, Australia


Intertidal zones are dynamic, unique and extreme environments due to the combined effects of the tide, exposure and weather. As a result, the ecosystems they host are dynamic and unique, ranging from migratory bird habitat to larval fish nurseries and mangrove wetlands. For the essential functions that these environments offer, they cover an extremely small area of continental landmass. Furthermore, these environments are notoriously difficult to survey and clearly characterise using remote sensing, mainly due to the varying coverage of water throughout the tidal cycle.

High and low tide image geomedian composites of the Australian coastline have been produced from the Landsat imagery archive, stored and managed within the Digital Earth Australia (DEA). Modelled tide heights were attributed to all coastal images in the archive, enabling the generation of composite images from archival subsets, based on Landsat images acquired between 2000 and 2017 and sorted into the upper or lower 20 percent of the observed tide range.

The result is two highly detailed, clear and cloud free composite images of the Australian coastline, at a resolution of 25 m2 for both high and low tide and which will be freely accessible online. This tidally tagged archive of satellite imagery can be further used to investigate coastal and event based change by varying the temporal domain and restricting tide-based variability in the subsets used for composite generation.


Stephen Sagar is the Marine Remote Sensing Project Leader within the Digital Earth Australia (DEA) program at Geoscience Australia. His research interests include the development of products from time series earth observation data, for understanding the dynamics of the coastal and marine environment.

Leo Lymburner has been working in the field of remote sensing since 1998.  He gained his PhD in remote sensing of riparian vegetation in 2006 and has been working at Geoscience Australia on land cover mapping and data cube applications since 2008.  Leo a member of the Landsat Science Team.

Marine Pests – Be Part of the Solution not the Problem

Ms Roellen Gillmore1

1Parks Victoria , Queenscliff , Australia


Marine pests are a key threat to Victoria’s marine protected areas and biodiversity. Melbourne’s Port Phillip Bay is a well known location for exotic marine species and Parks Victoria are involved in a project to engage marine stakeholders, including vessel operators, in reducing the risks of spreading marine pests to other parts of the state. This presentation will provide an overview of opportunities being explored.


Roellen has a background in community engagement and education and is currently on secondment to build partnerships for preventing marine pest spread with key stakeholders.

Governments and community working together on the SA Catchment to Coast project focusing on water quality improvement across urban Adelaide, 2013 to 2017

Mrs Linda-Marie Mcdowell1

1SA Environment Protection Authority, Adelaide, Australia


The SA Environment Protection Authority (EPA) is the lead for the project ‘Catchment to coast focus for water quality improvement across urban Adelaide’ which fits under the Adelaide Coastal Water Quality Improvement Plan (ACWQIP) released by the EPA in 2013. The ACWQIP followed on from the Adelaide Coastal Waters Study conducted over 2001 to 2007 in response to concerns of declines in water quality and loss of seagrass. The ACWS indicated that industry and stormwater inputs to the coast were impacting on  water quality and seagrass health. Since 2013 discharges from industry have significantly reduced. Stormwater now is the main challenge for coastal water quality.

The Australian Government National Landcare Programme funded Catchment to Coast project involves governments and communities working together to improve water quality across urban Adelaide. Key sub-projects forming the basis for much of the partnership work have included: developing water sensitive urban design (WSUD) demonstration sites, implementing the Rain Garden 500 grant program and working with the Kaurna people (the local people of the Adelaide region) to convey cultural messages on the connectedness between people-land-water. To date the partnerships have included the EPA working with and alongside other government agencies, 12 local governments across metropolitan Adelaide, nine community groups (including 2 schools, 2 businesses on rain garden construction) and to being a part of at least four local government projects with Kaurna people.

Understanding the ‘catchment to coast’ connection which is part of natural resources management in urban environments, is consistent with messages on the interconnectedness between people, land and water that have been coming out of the Kaurna workshops held between 2015 to 2017. Highlights of the project from 2013 to 2017 will be presented.


Linda-Marie has studied and worked in SA aquatic environments since 1991. Her academic background includes studies in Biology, Geography, Environmental Science, Natural Resources Management and Public Sector Management. She has worked extensively with community groups and local governments with Waterwatch and Coastcare programs across southern SA, and has now worked within SA Government for over 16 years. Currently she is a project leader on the Catchment to Coast project which is about improving water quality for Adelaide’s coastal waters.

The Importance of NW Tasmanian Estuaries to the Australian Pied Oystercatcher Haemantopus longuirostris

Mrs Hazel Britton1

1Cradle Coast NRM, Burnie, Australia


The Australian Pied Oystercatcher  has an estimated population of around 11,000, although it is believed to be declining in parts of its range. Due to inland Australia’s arid conditions it is restricted to coastal habitats around Australia and S New Guinea. The majority of birds  occur south of the Tropic of Capricorn, with Tasmania being a stronghold for the species.

NW Tasmania remains relatively undisturbed and has a convoluted coastline with large areas of suitable feeding habitat where Pied Oystercatchers can breed and immatures survive until entering the breeding population.  The Duck River Estuary in the west and the Rubicon Estuary in the east of the region support large numbers of this species, estimated to hold up to 8% of the population. Both these estuaries lie within two of BirdLife Australia’s Key Biodiversity Areas.  Although good count data is less available for many of the other estuaries in the region, monitoring suggests that the region is likely to support a further 660 (or 6%).  The total for this region amounting to 14% of the estimated total world population.

Under the Ramsar Convention Group B (section 6), sites regularly supporting 1% of the population of a wetland species are considered as Internationally Important. With threats from climate change such as rising sea levels inundating traditional nest sites and increased development and recreational use, this section of the Cradle Coast in NW Tasmania, with it’s estimated 14% of the world population of Australian Pied Oystercatchers is surely of extreme International Importance.


I am the Co-ordinator of the Resident Shorebird Monitoring Programme Stanley to Narawntapu NP (NW Tasmania) and I have also been the Co-ordinator for the NW Tasmania Winter and Summer Counts for BirdLife Tasmania/Australia.

Bonorong Wildlife Rescue Service

Ms Grace Heathcote, Mr Greg Irons

1Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary, Brighton, Australia


To ease the impact of some of the many threats facing wildlife in Tasmania, Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary operates with a focus on projects to conserve, rescue, rehabilitate and rerelease native species. These include a wildlife rescue service, education outreach, breeding programs, conservation projects and research. The programs are run with strong community involvement, fill gaps in the protection of wildlife, and are often pioneering firsts in Tasmania.

The Bonorong Wildlife Rescue Service was established in 2010 to transport injured and orphaned animals to wildlife carers or veterinary attention. Since that time the program has received over 23,000 calls and has become busier each year, starting with approximately 1300 calls in the first year and fielding almost 6500 calls in 2016. Reports of 41 coastal species (from pelicans, penguins and petrels to swans, seals and sooty oyster catchers) accounted for 7.8% of these calls. Most frequently these animals were entangled in fishing hooks, lures, sinkers, rope and netting; had been hit by vehicles; were orphaned fledglings; or had been attacked by cats or dogs.

In addition, by 2010 the only seabird carer in Tasmania was unable to cope with the numbers of birds in need. To help, Bonorong established Tasmania’s first seabird rehabilitation facility. A key component of this, and first in the state is the large seawater pool, crucial for the successful rehabilitation of a number of species such as penguins that require re-waterproofing, and albatross that require “aqua-aerobics” for strengthening before they can be released.


Greg became the director of Bonorong at just 25 years of age, and since then has transformed it from a tourist park into a Sanctuary for conservation excellence with a focus on programs to rescue, rehabilitate and release wildlife, as well as a strong focus on environmental education.   His ability to recognise where help is needed and develop programs to deliver tangible outcomes has quickly made him a key figure in Tasmanian wildlife conservation. In a community where environmental concerns are often prominent and polarising, Greg’s growing profile puts him in a position to create change and influence others.

Greg’s work led to him receiving the 2012 Young Tasmanian of the Year Award; a Southern Cross Young Achiever Award for Environment; and a Pride Of Australia Award for Environment.

An Evaluation of the Coastal Ambassadors Course in South Australia

Dr Mike Bossley1

1Whale & Dolphin Conservation, Uraidla, Australia


An Evaluation of the Coastal Ambassadors Course in South Australia

A Coastal Ambassadors course was implemented in 2005 by the Pittwater Council in NSW and has since been taken up by other groups, particularly surf clubs, along many other parts of the NSW coast. The objective of the course was to provide education on coastal and marine conservation issues.

In 2011 the South Australian Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges Natural Resources Management Board paired with a local NGO to implement a course based on the concept of the NSW model but with its own syllabus. The SA course has been run on an annual basis since that time. The course introduces participants to temperate marine ecology and provides an overview of human impacts on these ecosystems. The course also includes two practical sessions, a snorkel on a local marine reserve and a kayak tour of a mangrove forest. A total of 131 people have completed the course since its inception.

A survey of graduates was completed in September 2017. The survey provided quantitative and qualitative data which indicated graduates increased both their knowledge of marine and coastal issues and their own involvement in promoting marine conservation. Most graduates indicated they undertook ongoing further self education and a number have undertaken further TAFE or university courses. Their practical involvement included undertaking projects such as planting coastal gardens and undertaking beach litter collections; using social media to promote marine conservation; and changing their personal behaviour to reduce their environmental footprint. Qualitative responses were highly positive.

The Coastal Ambassadors model appears to be a powerful tool to achieve community participation in marine and coastal conservation.


Mike has been active in marine conservation, education and research for almost fifty years. His main activities have centered on marine mammal conservation and the establishment of marine protected areas

Rescuing the saltmarsh in Duck Bay

Ms Sue Jennings1

1Circular Head Landcare Group, Smithton, Australia


Circular Head Landcare Group is gradually eradicating ricegrass (Spartina anglica) from Duck Bay, Bolduans Bay and Robbins Passage in north west Tasmania.  This group of volunteers has provided local input, enthusiasm and dedication to a control program which was becoming increasingly ad hoc over time.  The unique values of these vast tidal mudflats include the summer feeding grounds for 23 species of migratory and resident shorebirds and many species of nationally endangered saltmarsh, which were being displaced by the introduced ricegrass which can spread into huge meadows.

Spraying operations to control ricegrass are constrained by the seasonal growth pattern of ricegrass, poor access over muddy terrain, the weather, the tides and the requirement to close commercial oyster harvesting during their busiest season while the spraying is undertaken.  This has been further complicated in the past two years by the arrival of Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome in Tasmania, which has also added its own restrictions to the oyster industry.

This is a story of triumph over difficulty, of negotiation and inclusion, of persistence and cooperation.

And, as the spraying success continues, the question is – What comes next to rehabilitate these saltmarsh communities?  To the delight of CHLG volunteers and their funding providers, the saltmarsh species are naturally regenerating on the newly liberated mudflats.  In addition to coordinating funding applications and negotiations with the other stakeholders and supervising spraying contractors, Circular Head Landcare Group is now starting to monitor the recovery of saltmarsh plants and participating in biannual shorebird counts.


Sue has worked in public land management in NW Tasmania for over 35 years, developing a love of the wide open spaces and natural values of the area.  She was a founder member of Circular Head Landcare Group 6 years ago.  Sue has coordinated the ricegrass eradication program in the local estuaries and mudflats each summer for the last 4 years.

Perth coastal recreational usage study

Dr Garry Middle1

1Curtin University , Bentley , Australia


The WA Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries (DLGSC) has funded Curtin University to carryout a study called the Perth Coastal Recreational Usage study, due for completion in November 2017.

The purpose of this study is to enable better understanding of usage of the Perth coastline and, in a broad sense, how it functions and how it is valued.  The study will identify the existing broad functions, values and recreational usage of the Perth coastline through a review of the existing information regarding coastal planning and management held by the key coastal planners and managers. This information includes management plans and associated studies carried out in support of these plans. As well, relevant beach users survey data held by the Curtin from the on-going Coastal Values and Character study will be reviewed.

The key output will be a report and a series of hard copy maps that will show an ‘snapshot’ of the recreational usage, functions and values of the Perth coastline. This report will contain information and findings that would be valuable to planners and managers in their decision making, in particular, local government.

The geographic extent of the study – the study area – is the coast and near shore marine areas within the Perth metropolitan region as defined in the Metropolitan Region Scheme.

This presentation will provide a summary of the key findings of this study.


Dr Garry Middle is an adjunct senior research fellow at Curtin University, and an independent member of the board of the Western Australian Planning Commission as an expert in coastal and environmental planning.


About the Association

The Australian Coastal Society (ACS) was initiated at the Coast to Coast Conference in Tasmania in 2004. The idea was floated as a means for those interested in coastal matters to communicate between conferences and where possible take resolutions of the conference to appropriate levels of government.

The idea was discussed further at the Coast to Coast Conference in Melbourne in 2006 and it was agreed that Bruce Thom develop a constitution of a company limited by guarantee that would operate on a national basis.

This plan was accomplished and in 2008 at the Coast to Coast Conference in Darwin the constitution was ratified and an Executive appointed. The company received charitable status in 2011.

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