Dr Stacey Priestley1, Jonathan Tyler1, Savannah Liebelt1, Luke Mosley1, Wei Wen Wong2, Yuexiao Shao1, Zara Woolston1, Mark Farrell3, David Welsh4, Justin Brookes1, Alan Collins1, Juraj Farkas1
1University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, 2Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, 3CSIRO Agriculture & Food, Adelaide, Australia, 4Griffiths University , Southport, Australia
The Coorong is a unique estuarine lagoon system at the terminus of the largest river system in Australia draining the Murray-Darling Basin catchment. It has experienced declining ecological health due to the combined effects of progressive hypersalinisation and eutrophication as a result of declining freshwater inputs. To restore the health of the Coorong the “Healthy Coorong, Healthy Basin Action Plan” outlines scientific experiments and investigations to address knowledge gaps. One of these is to trace the major external sources of nutrients, as well as nutrient transport processes and cycling in the Coorong. Thus the aim of this project was to characterise particulate organic carbon and nitrogen dynamics in the Coorong using δ¹⁵N and δ¹³C of particulate organic matter (POM) in lagoon waters and sediment. The PON and POC has built-up in the southern end of the Coorong due to increased phytoplankton production and lack of seasonal flushing of lagoon waters. Also, δ¹⁵N-PON and sediment δ¹⁵N values across the Coorong lagoon overlap, suggesting that PON from algal matter represents the main source of nitrogen to the sediment, which is consistent with algal deposition from a highly eutrophic water column. Subsequent release of nutrients from the sediment then favours increased algal production adding to the subsequently larger PON and POC concentrations in the southern end of the Coorong, especially when water flow is low. Locking up nutrients in plant biomass, or removal via increased flushing and dredging, are possible options for addressing legacy nutrient issues in the sediment and restoring the Coorong.
Stacey Priestley is an encaringvironmental scientist who is passionate about using environmental tracers, especially isotopic tracers, to investigate hydrological systems to help address challenging environmental problems in water resources sustainability and environmental change.